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Motherhood, Respectability and Baby-Farming in Victorian and Edwardian London

Motherhood, Respectability and Baby-Farming in Victorian and Edwardian London PDF Author: Joshua G. Stuart-Bennett
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000642445
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 167

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Book Description
Motherhood, Respectability and Baby-Farming in Victorian and Edwardian London explores a largely obscured marketplace of motherhood that provided ways for women to manage the stigma of illegitimacy and their respectable identities within Victorian and Edwardian society. It focuses on the extent of women’s ‘dirty work’, when maternal problem management was fundamental to the general maintenance of respectability and, by extension, to Empire and Civilisation. Despite its intrigue, history has struggled to understand and represent an uncomfortable but significant artefact of Western modernising society: ‘baby-farming’. During a period when ideologies of respectability and civilisation arguably mattered most, the ‘right’ kind of parenthood – especially motherhood – became paramount. As the ‘wrong’ offspring could jeopardise a woman’s chances of being respectable, a wholesale, informal, and somewhat clandestine marketplace emerged that catered to various maternal difficulties. Within this marketplace, a pregnancy or newborn child who may have compromised a woman’s respectability could be ‘disposed’ of through different means, for a fee. From the Victorian period to the present, the commercialised maternal practices associated with baby-farming have become firmly established within collective consciousness as being synonymous with child murder, female pathology, and ‘infanticide for hire’. This book provides a revised, far more complex, and nuanced narrative history which reveals all that was associated with baby-farming – including all possible outcomes – to be entirely natural, rational, and even necessary products of their time; an understandable outcome of the period’s ‘civilising offensive’. Motherhood, Respectability and Baby-Farming in Victorian and Edwardian London will be of great interest to students and scholars of criminology, sociology, history, and gender studies.

Motherhood, Respectability and Baby-Farming in Victorian and Edwardian London

Motherhood, Respectability and Baby-Farming in Victorian and Edwardian London PDF Author: Joshua G. Stuart-Bennett
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000642445
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 167

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Book Description
Motherhood, Respectability and Baby-Farming in Victorian and Edwardian London explores a largely obscured marketplace of motherhood that provided ways for women to manage the stigma of illegitimacy and their respectable identities within Victorian and Edwardian society. It focuses on the extent of women’s ‘dirty work’, when maternal problem management was fundamental to the general maintenance of respectability and, by extension, to Empire and Civilisation. Despite its intrigue, history has struggled to understand and represent an uncomfortable but significant artefact of Western modernising society: ‘baby-farming’. During a period when ideologies of respectability and civilisation arguably mattered most, the ‘right’ kind of parenthood – especially motherhood – became paramount. As the ‘wrong’ offspring could jeopardise a woman’s chances of being respectable, a wholesale, informal, and somewhat clandestine marketplace emerged that catered to various maternal difficulties. Within this marketplace, a pregnancy or newborn child who may have compromised a woman’s respectability could be ‘disposed’ of through different means, for a fee. From the Victorian period to the present, the commercialised maternal practices associated with baby-farming have become firmly established within collective consciousness as being synonymous with child murder, female pathology, and ‘infanticide for hire’. This book provides a revised, far more complex, and nuanced narrative history which reveals all that was associated with baby-farming – including all possible outcomes – to be entirely natural, rational, and even necessary products of their time; an understandable outcome of the period’s ‘civilising offensive’. Motherhood, Respectability and Baby-Farming in Victorian and Edwardian London will be of great interest to students and scholars of criminology, sociology, history, and gender studies.

The Edward Street Baby Farm

The Edward Street Baby Farm PDF Author: Stella Budrikis
Publisher: Fremantle Press
ISBN: 1925816109
Category : True Crime
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
In 1907, Perth woman Alice Mitchell was arrested for the murder of five-month-old Ethel Booth. During the inquest and subsequent trial, the state's citizens were horrified to learn that at least 37 infants had died in Mitchell's care in the previous six years. It became clear that she had been running a 'baby farm', making a profit out of caring for the children of single mothers and other 'unfortunate women'.The Alice Mitchell murder trial gripped the city of Perth and the nation. This book retraces this infamous 'baby farm' tragedy, which led to legislative changes to protect children's welfare.

The Baby Farm

The Baby Farm PDF Author: Karen Harper
Publisher: MIRA
ISBN: 9780778321163
Category : Fiction
Languages : en
Pages : 420

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Book Description
When young pregnant girls begin disappearing from rural Shelter, Kentucky, shortly before they are due to deliver their babies, local midwife Emma Weston joins forces with Griff Cusak, the new town doctor, to investigate a deadly trade in stolen babies.

The Stockbridge Baby Farmer

The Stockbridge Baby Farmer PDF Author: Molly Whittington-Egan
Publisher: Neil Wilson Publishing
ISBN: 1906476462
Category : Fiction
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
Tales macabre and tales bizarre. All of them with murder in mind. This is another evocative and highly readable series of murder cases from criminologist Molly Whittington-Egan which follows on from her first volume of Scottish Murder Stories. Written in a frequently witty and irreverent style, these stories confirm that while the world has moves on, the human mind still deals with murder in the same old fashion with motives which have rarely changed over the years. The 19 tales are: 1. The Stockbridge Baby-Farmer. 2. I am Gall, 3. The Half-Mutchkin. 4. To the Lighthouse. 5. Mr Kello's Sunday Morning Service. 6. The Whiteinch Atrocities. 7. Death of a Hermit. 8. The Light-Headed Cutty. 9. The Postman Knocked. 10. Brutality. 11. Rurality. 12. The Northfield Mystery. 13. Blue Vitriol. 14. The Battered Bride. 15. The Babes in the Quarry. 16. The Poisonous Puddocks. 17. The Tram Ride. 18. The Tooth Fiend. 19. The Icing on the Shortbread.

The Baby Farmers

The Baby Farmers PDF Author: Annie Cossins
Publisher: Allen & Unwin
ISBN: 1743314019
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 317

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Book Description
The most common murder victim in 19th century Australia was a baby, and the most common perpetrator was a woman—a fascinating story of the most infamous legal trial in Australia In October 1892, a one-month-old baby boy was found buried in the backyard of Sarah and John Makin, two wretchedly poor baby farmers in inner Sydney. In the weeks that followed, 12 more babies were found buried in the backyards of other houses in which the Makins had lived. This resulted in the most infamous trial in Australian legal history, and exposed a shocking underworld of desperate mothers, drugged and starving babies, and a black market in the sale and murder of children. Annie Cossins pieces together a dramatic and tragic tale with larger than life characters: theatrical Sarah Makin; her smooth-talking husband, John; her disloyal daughter, Clarice; diligent Constable James Joyce, with curious domestic arrangements of his own; and a network of baby farmers stretching across the city. It's a glimpse into a society that preferred to turn a blind eye to the fate of its most vulnerable members, only a century ago.

BABY FARMERS of the 19th CENTURY

BABY FARMERS of the 19th CENTURY PDF Author: Sylvia Perrini
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781484128725
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 82

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Book Description
In this short book, author Sylvia Perrini profiles eleven Baby Farmers. Baby farmers both repulsed and fascinated the public of the day. The term "Baby Farming" was first used by the British Medical Journal in 1867, in an article entitled "Baby-Farming" in which they described a mother who had turned her children over to the "baby farmer" with the clear understanding that they would be neglected until they died. Over the course of the following year the British Medical Journal, published in a series of sensationalist pieces that many baby farmers committed serial infanticide. The articles attracted a great deal of attention and brought the term "baby farming" into widespread use. Baby farmers were women who looked after children for a fee. Legitimate baby farms supplied a much in demand service for unmarried, pregnant women in the Victorian era. The majority of baby farmers were caring and honest. A number of them, though, abandoned, starved, or even killed the infants in their care to increase their profits. Barely a week would pass without the police finding a little corpse abandoned in a railway carriage, left on the banks of a canal, or thrown into the swiftly flowing River Thames. There were strict laws against the mistreatment of animals but, until 1872, there were no such laws to govern baby farmers. Anyone could be a baby farmer; there were no regulations to conform to, no qualifications to be met, no paperwork, and no supervision of the premises or type of care the children received. For the middle-classes, baby farms offered the perfect solution. The pregnant daughter would be sent to the country and once the infant was born, he or she would be farmed out and, all being well, forgotten. The battle against baby farming was fought more or less continuously from 1865, to 1943, seventy-eight years to push through effective legislation to regulate this "social evil."

Amelia Dyer and the Baby Farm Murders

Amelia Dyer and the Baby Farm Murders PDF Author: Angela Buckley
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780993564000
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 160

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Book Description
On 30 March 1896, a bargeman hooked a parcel from the river Thames at Caversham. Inside the brown paper package was the body of a baby girl - she had been strangled with tape. When two more tiny bodies were found in a carpet bag, the police launched a nationwide hunt for a serial killer. A faint name and address on the sodden wrapping provided Reading police with their first clue. Can Chief Constable George Tewsley and his colleagues catch this heartless baby farmer before more infants meet a similar fate? The first in a new historical true crime series, Victorian Supersleuth Investigates, Angela Buckley recounts the frantic race to stop Amelia Dyer - one of Britain's most prolific murderers.

Infanticide

Infanticide PDF Author: Rachel Dixon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000474143
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 230

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Book Description
Infanticide examines medical expert evidence in infanticide cases, focusing specifically on the shifting notion of "certainty" in medical testimony. Beginning in the Early Modern period and concluding in the mid-twentieth century, it considers how courts determined whether an infant died from natural causes or other reasons, including violence. The book explores expert evidence in cases of infanticide and examines the extent of certainty created by medical specialists who founded their testimony on anatomical exploration and science. As the book progresses, it becomes clear that medical specialists were unable to scientifically establish cause of death and in doing so conveyed uncertainty in court proceedings. Rather than being regarded as a professional failing, Dixon argues that the uncertainty created by medical specialists redirected the outcomes of infanticide cases. The combination of uncertainty and the changing perceptions of infanticidal women by the court lead juries to find infanticidal women not guilty of a capital offence in many cases. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Criminology, Law and History.

A History of Adoption in England and Wales 1850- 1961

A History of Adoption in England and Wales 1850- 1961 PDF Author: Gill Rossini
Publisher: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1473846447
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224

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Book Description
Adoption is one of the most emotive and complex subjects in social and family history. Gill Rossini's social history of adoption between 1850 and 1961 uncovers the perspectives of all those concerned in adoption: children, birth relatives, adoptive families, and all the agencies and organisations involved. Rossini charts the transformation of the adoption process from a chaotic informal arrangement to a legal procedure. Set against the backdrop of the moral, cultural, and legal climate of the times, the contemporary voices of those who played a part in an adoption give real insights into this often turbulent period in their lives. Discover how shocking stories of baby farmers and unwanted orphans fuelled the campaign for change, and hear previously untold stories.For those who wish to conduct their own research into an adoption, Rossini has compiled a comprehensive guide to resources.

Feminism, Marriage, and the Law in Victorian England, 1850-1895

Feminism, Marriage, and the Law in Victorian England, 1850-1895 PDF Author: Mary Lyndon Shanley
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691215987
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Bridging the fields of political theory and history, this comprehensive study of Victorian reforms in marriage law reshapes our understanding of the feminist movement of that period. As Mary Shanley shows, Victorian feminists argued that justice for women would not follow from public rights alone, but required a fundamental transformation of the marriage relationship.