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Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic

Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic PDF Author: George Walkden
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191021105
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
This book offers reconstructions of various syntactic properties of Proto-Germanic, including verb position in main clauses, the syntax of the wh-system, and the (non-)occurrence of null pronominal subjects and objects. Although previous studies have looked at the lexical and phonological reconstruction of Proto-Germanic, little is currently known about the syntax of the language, and it has even been argued that the reconstruction of syntax is impossible. Dr Walkden uses extensive evidence from the early Germanic languages - Old English, Old High German, Old Saxon, Old Norse, and Gothic - to show that syntactic reconstruction is not only possible but also profitable. He argues that while the reconstruction of syntax differs from lexical-phonological reconstruction due to the so-called 'correspondence problem', this is not insurmountable. In fact, the approach taken in current Minimalist theories, in which syntactic variation is attributed to the properties of lexical items, opens the door for syntactic reconstruction as lexical reconstruction. The book also discusses practical solutions for circumventing the correspondence problem, in particular the use of both distributional properties of lexical items and the phonological forms of such items in order to establish cognacy. The book will be of interest to historical linguists working on syntactic reconstruction and the Germanic languages, from graduate level upwards, as well as to advanced students of syntactic change more generally.

Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic

Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic PDF Author: George Walkden
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191021105
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
This book offers reconstructions of various syntactic properties of Proto-Germanic, including verb position in main clauses, the syntax of the wh-system, and the (non-)occurrence of null pronominal subjects and objects. Although previous studies have looked at the lexical and phonological reconstruction of Proto-Germanic, little is currently known about the syntax of the language, and it has even been argued that the reconstruction of syntax is impossible. Dr Walkden uses extensive evidence from the early Germanic languages - Old English, Old High German, Old Saxon, Old Norse, and Gothic - to show that syntactic reconstruction is not only possible but also profitable. He argues that while the reconstruction of syntax differs from lexical-phonological reconstruction due to the so-called 'correspondence problem', this is not insurmountable. In fact, the approach taken in current Minimalist theories, in which syntactic variation is attributed to the properties of lexical items, opens the door for syntactic reconstruction as lexical reconstruction. The book also discusses practical solutions for circumventing the correspondence problem, in particular the use of both distributional properties of lexical items and the phonological forms of such items in order to establish cognacy. The book will be of interest to historical linguists working on syntactic reconstruction and the Germanic languages, from graduate level upwards, as well as to advanced students of syntactic change more generally.

Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic

Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic PDF Author: George Lee Walkden
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description


Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic

Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic PDF Author: George Walkden
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780191780837
Category : Germanic languages
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
Walkden investigates methods, possibilities, and limitations in the reconstruction of syntax in a framework which holds that the object of enquiry is knowledge of language and which acknowledges that the transmission of that knowledge is discontinuous.

From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic PDF Author: Donald A. Ringe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198792581
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 406

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Book Description
Describing the earliest reconstructable stages of the prehistory of English, this title outlines the grammar of Proto-Indo-European and considers the changes by which one dialect of that prehistoric language developed into Proto-Germanic.

Information Structure and Syntactic Change in Germanic and Romance Languages

Information Structure and Syntactic Change in Germanic and Romance Languages PDF Author: Kristin Bech
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270465
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 421

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Book Description
The contributions of this volume offer new perspectives on the relation between syntax and information structure in the history of Germanic and Romance languages, focusing on English, German, Norwegian, French, Spanish and Portuguese, and both from a synchronic and a diachronic perspective. In addition to discussing changes in individual languages along the syntax–information structure axis, the volume also makes a point of comparing and contrasting different languages with respect to the interplay between syntax and information structure. Since the creation of increasingly sophisticated annotated corpora of historical texts is on the agenda in many research environments, methods and schemes for information structure annotation and analysis of historical texts from a theoretical and applied perspective are discussed.

Micro-Change and Macro-Change in Diachronic Syntax

Micro-Change and Macro-Change in Diachronic Syntax PDF Author: Eric Mathieu
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198747845
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Book Description
The chapters in this volume address the process of syntactic change at different granularities. The language-particular component of a grammar is now usually assumed to be nothing more than the specification of the grammatical properties of a set of lexical items. Accordingly, grammar change must reduce to lexical change. And yet these micro-changes can cumulatively alter the typological character of a language (a macro-change). A central puzzle in diachronic syntax is how to relate macro-changes to micro-changes. Several chapters in this volume describe specific micro-changes: changes in the syntactic properties of a particular lexical item or class of lexical items. Other chapters explore links between micro-change and macro-change, using devices such as grammar competition at the individual and population level, recurring diachronic pathways, and links between acquisition biases and diachronic processes. This book is therefore a great companion to the recent literature on the micro- versus macro-approaches to parameters in synchronic syntax. One of its important contributions is the demonstration of how much we can learn about synchronic linguistics through the way languages change: the case studies included provide diachronic insight into many syntactic constructions that have been the target of extensive recent synchronic research, including tense, aspect, relative clauses, stylistic fronting, verb second, demonstratives, and negation. Languages discussed include several archaic and contemporary Romance and Germanic varieties, as well as Greek, Hungarian, and Chinese, among many others.

Null Subjects in Generative Grammar

Null Subjects in Generative Grammar PDF Author: Federica Cognola
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192547887
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Book Description
This book considers the null-subject phenomenon, whereby some languages lack an overtly realized referential subject in specific contexts. In generative syntax-the approach adopted in this volume-the phenomenon has traditionally been explained in terms of a 'pro-drop' parameter with associated cluster properties; more recently, however, it has become clear that pro-drop phenomena do not always correlate with all the initially predicted cluster properties. This volume returns to the centre of the debate surrounding the empirical phenomena associated with null subjects. Experts in the field explore the cluster properties associated with pro-drop; the types of null category involved in null-subject phenomena and their identification; and the typology of null-subject languages, with a special focus on partial null-subject languages. Chapters include both novel empirical data and new theoretical analyses covering the major approaches to null subjects in generative grammar. A wide range of languages are examined, ranging from the most commonly studied in research into null subjects, such as Finnish and Italian, to lesser-studied languages such as Vietnamese and Polish, minority languages such as Cimbrian and Kashubian, and historical varieties such as Old French and Old High German. The research presented also contributes to the understanding of other key syntactic phenomena, such as the nature of control, the role of information structure and semantics in syntax, the mechanisms of language change, and the formalization of language variation. The breadth and depth of the volume will make it a valuable resource not only for generative syntacticians, but also for all those working in the fields of historical linguistics, typology, comparative grammar, semantics, and theoretical and descriptive linguistics more generally.

On a law of Indo-European word order

On a law of Indo-European word order PDF Author: Jacob Wackernagel
Publisher: Language Science Press
ISBN: 3961102716
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 454

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Book Description
Jacob Wackernagel’s 1892 essay on second-position enclitics in the Indo-European languages has long been hailed as groundbreaking in both historical and theoretical linguistics. Until now, however, it has only been available in the original German. This book provides a full translation into English, including glossed and translated examples from several early Indo-European languages and varieties and full bibliographical details of the references drawn upon, as well as a new edition of the German original. It should be of interest to researchers in historical and Indo-European linguistics and in general linguistics working on the interfaces between morphology, prosody and syntax.

Linguistic Reconstruction

Linguistic Reconstruction PDF Author: Anthony Fox
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198700012
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 372

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Book Description
Recent textbooks in historical linguistics concentrate more on the theory of language change than on methods of linguistic reconstruction. This book redresses the balance, providing a general guide to methods and theories of linguistic of languages. It describes both traditional and newer, less well established techniques.

The Carthaginian North: Semitic influence on early Germanic

The Carthaginian North: Semitic influence on early Germanic PDF Author: Robert Mailhammer
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027262144
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 268

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Book Description
This book presents a new and innovative theory on the origin of the Germanic languages. This theory presents solutions to four pivotal problems in the history of Germanic with critical implications for cultural history: the origin of the Germanic writing system (the Runic alphabet), the genesis of the Germanic strong verbs, the development of the Germanic word order, and etymologies for key elements of the Germanic lexicon. The book proposes that all four problems can be solved if it is hypothesized that over 2,000 years ago the ancestor of all Germanic languages, Proto-Germanic, was in intensive contact with Punic, a Semitic language from the Mediterranean. This scenario is explored by focusing on linguistic data, supported by an interdisciplinary mosaic of evidence. This book is of interest to anyone working on the linguistic and cultural history of the Germanic languages.