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High-solid and Multi-phase Bioprocess Engineering

High-solid and Multi-phase Bioprocess Engineering PDF Author: Hongzhang Chen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811063524
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 359

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Book Description
This book provides a comprehensive description of theories and applications of high-solid and multi-phase bioprocess engineering, which is considered as an important way to address the challenges of "high energy consumption, high pollution and high emissions" in bio-industry. It starts from specifying the solid-phase matrix properties that contribute to a series of “solid effects” on bioprocess, including mass transfer restrictions in porous media, water binding effects, rheological changes. Then it proposes the new principles of periodic intensification which combines the normal force and physiologic characteristics of microorganism for the bioprocess optimization and scale-up. Further breakthroughs in key periodic intensification techniques such as periodic peristalsis and gas pressure pulsation are described in detail which provide an industrialization platform and lay the foundation for high-solid and multi-phase bioprocess engineering. This book offers an excellent reference and guide for scientists and engineers engaged in the research on both the theoretical and practical aspects of high-solid and multi-phase bioprocess.

High-solid and Multi-phase Bioprocess Engineering

High-solid and Multi-phase Bioprocess Engineering PDF Author: Hongzhang Chen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811063524
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 359

View

Book Description
This book provides a comprehensive description of theories and applications of high-solid and multi-phase bioprocess engineering, which is considered as an important way to address the challenges of "high energy consumption, high pollution and high emissions" in bio-industry. It starts from specifying the solid-phase matrix properties that contribute to a series of “solid effects” on bioprocess, including mass transfer restrictions in porous media, water binding effects, rheological changes. Then it proposes the new principles of periodic intensification which combines the normal force and physiologic characteristics of microorganism for the bioprocess optimization and scale-up. Further breakthroughs in key periodic intensification techniques such as periodic peristalsis and gas pressure pulsation are described in detail which provide an industrialization platform and lay the foundation for high-solid and multi-phase bioprocess engineering. This book offers an excellent reference and guide for scientists and engineers engaged in the research on both the theoretical and practical aspects of high-solid and multi-phase bioprocess.

Renewable Energy Production from Energy Crops and Agricultural Residues

Renewable Energy Production from Energy Crops and Agricultural Residues PDF Author: Luigi Pari
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3036501061
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Book Description
Energies is open to submissions for a Special Issue on “Renewable Energy Production from Energy Crops and Agricultural Residues”. Biomass represents an important source of renewable and sustainable energy production. Its increasing consumption is mainly related to the increase in global energy demand and fossil fuel prices, but also to a lower environmental impact compared to non-renewable fuels. These factors take RED II directives into consideration. In the past, forestry interventions were the main supply source of biomass, but in recent decades two others sources have entered the international scene. These are dedicated energy crops and agricultural residues, which are important sources of biomass for biofuel and bioenergy. Below, we consider four main value chains: • Oil crops: Oil production from non-food oilseed crops (such as camelina, Crambe, safflower, castor, cuphea, cardoon, etc.), oil extraction, and oil utilization for fuel production. • Lignocellulosic crops: Biomass production from perennial grasses (miscanthus, giant reed, switchgrass, reed canary grass, etc.), woody crops (willow, poplar, Robinia, eucalyptus, etc.), and agricultural residues (pruning, maize cob, maize stalks, wheat chaff, sugar cane straw, etc.), considering two main transformation systems: 1. Electricity/heat production 2. Second-generation ethanol production • Carbohydrate crops (cereals, sweet sorghum, sugar beets, sugar cane, etc.) for ethanol production. • Fermentable crops (maize, barley, triticale, Sudan grass, sorghum, etc.) and agricultural residues (chaff, maize stalks and cob, fruit and vegetable waste, etc.) for production of biogas and/or biomethane.

Multiphase Bioreactor Design

Multiphase Bioreactor Design PDF Author: Joaquim M.S. Cabral
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203303040
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 550

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Book Description
Bioreaction engineering is fundamental to the optimization of biotechnological processes and the production of biochemicals by enzymes, microbial, plant and animal cells and higher organisms. A reference text for postgraduate students and researchers in biochemical engineering and bioreactor design, Multiphase Bioreactor Design describes the

Bioprocess Engineering for a Green Environment

Bioprocess Engineering for a Green Environment PDF Author: V. Sivasubramanian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351867865
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 351

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Book Description
Bioprocess Engineering for a Green Environment examines numerous bioprocesses that are crucial to our day-to-day life, specifically the major issues surrounding the production of energy relating to biofuels and waste management. The nuance of this discussion is reflected by the text’s chapter breakdown, providing the reader with a fulsome investigation of the energy sector; the importance of third-generation fuels; and the application of micro- and macroalgae for the production of biofuels. The book also provides a detailed exploration of biocatalysts and their application to the food industry; bioplastics production; conversion of agrowaste into polysaccharides; as well as the importance of biotechnology in bio-processing. Numerous industries discharge massive amounts of effluents into our rivers, seas, and air systems. As such, two chapters are dedicated to the treatment of various pollutants through biological operation with hopes of achieving a cleaner, greener, environment. This book represents the most comprehensive study of bioprocessing—and its various applications to the environment—available on the market today. It was furthermore written with various researchers in mind, ranging from undergraduate and graduate students looking to enhance their knowledge of the topics presented to scholars and engineers interested in the bioprocessing field, as well as members of industry and policy-makers. Provides a comprehensive overview of bioprocesses that apply to day-to-day living. Is learner-centered, providing detailed diagrams for easy understanding. Explores the importance of biocatalysts and their applications to the food industry, as well as bioplastics production. Examines the unique capabilities of bioprocess engineering and its ability to treat various pollutants. .

Horizons in Bioprocess Engineering

Horizons in Bioprocess Engineering PDF Author: Ravindra Pogaku
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030290697
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 354

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Book Description
This book is divided into four parts that outline the use of science and technology for applications pertaining to chemical and bioprocess engineering. The book endeavors to help academia, researchers, and practitioners to use the principles and tools of Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering in a pertinent way, while attempting to point out the novel thoughts associated with the brain storming concepts encountered. As an example, the ability to use case studies appropriately is more important, to most practitioners.

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering PDF Author: Christian Larroche
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444636749
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 850

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Book Description
Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Bioprocesses, Bioreactors and Controls provides extensive coverage of new developments, state-of-the-art technologies, and potential future trends, reviewing industrial biotechnology and bioengineering practices that facilitate and enhance the transition of processes from lab to plant scale, which is becoming increasingly important as such transitions continue to grow in frequency. Focusing on industrial bioprocesses, bioreactors for bioprocesses, and controls for bioprocesses, this title reviews industrial practice to identify bottlenecks and propose solutions, highlighting that the optimal control of a bioprocess involves not only maximization of product yield, but also taking into account parameters such as quality assurance and environmental aspects. Describes industrial bioprocesses based on the reaction media Lists the type of bioreactors used for a specific bioprocess/application Outlines the principles of control systems in various bioprocesses

Bioreaction Engineering

Bioreaction Engineering PDF Author: K. Schügerl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642597351
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 604

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Book Description
Alongside presenting the fundamentals, this book reviews the state of the art of mathematical modeling and control of bioprocesses, while demonstrating the application in various biological systems important to industry. At the same time, the application of different types of models and control strategies are illustrated, taking into account the recent developments in reactor modeling. In addition to modeling and control, the metabolic flux analysis and the metabolic design and their application to bioprocesses are considered.

New Products and New Areas of Bioprocess Engineering

New Products and New Areas of Bioprocess Engineering PDF Author:
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540455647
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 247

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Book Description
Today, ergot alkaloids have found widespread clinical use and more than 50 formulations contain natural or semisynthetic ergot alkaloids. They are used in the treatment of uterine atonia, postpartum bleeding, migraine, orthostatic circulatory disturbances, senile cerebral insufficiency, hypertension, hyp- prolactinemia, acromegaly, and Parkinsonism. Recently, new therapeutic - plications have emerged, e.g., against schizophrenia and for therapeutic usage based on newly discovered antibacterial and cytostatic effects, immunomodu- tory and hypolipemic activity. The broad physiological effects of ergot alkaloids are based mostly on their interactions with neurotransmitter receptors on the cells. The presence of "hidden structures'' resembling some important neu- humoral mediators (e.g., noradrenaline, serotonin, dopamine) in the molecules of ergot alkaloids could explain their interactions with these receptors [1]. Ergot alkaloids are produced by the filamentous fungi of the genus, Claviceps (e.g., Claviceps purpurea - Ergot, Mutterkorn). On the industrial scale these alkaloids were produced mostly by parasitic cultivation (field production of the ergot) till the end of the 1970s. Today this uneconomic method has been - placed by submerged fermentation. Even after a century of research on ergot alkaloids the search still continues for new, more potent and more selective ergot alkaloid derivatives

Computer and Information Science Applications in Bioprocess Engineering

Computer and Information Science Applications in Bioprocess Engineering PDF Author: A.R. Moreira
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400901771
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 477

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Book Description
Biotechnology has been labelled as one of the key technologies of the last two decades of the 20th Century, offering boundless solutions to problems ranging from food and agricultural production to pharmaceutical and medical applications, as well as environmental and bioremediation problems. Biological processes, however, are complex and the prevailing mechanisms are either unknown or poorly understood. This means that adequate techniques for data acquisition and analysis, leading to appropriate modeling and simulation packages that can be superimposed on the engineering principles, need to be routine tools for future biotechnologists. The present volume presents a masterly summary of the most recent work in the field, covering: instrumentation systems; enzyme technology; environmental biotechnology; food applications; and metabolic engineering.

Bioprocess Engineering

Bioprocess Engineering PDF Author: Pau Loke Show
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429882521
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 210

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Book Description
Bioprocess Engineering: Downstream Processing is the first book to present the principles of bioprocess engineering, focusing on downstream bioprocessing. It aims to provide the latest bioprocess technology and explain process analysis from an engineering point of view, using worked examples related to biological systems. This book introduces the commonly used technologies for downstream processing of biobased products. The covered topics include centrifugation, filtration, membrane separation, reverse osmosis, chromatography, biosorption, liquid-liquid separation, and drying. The basic principles and mechanism of separation are covered in each of the topics, wherein the engineering concept and design are emphasized. This book is aimed at bioprocess engineers and professionals who wish to perform downstream processing for their feedstock, as well as students.